Critical Perspectives on the European Mediasphere. The intellectual work of the 2011 European media and communication doctoral summer school.

Title chapter: Mediation and Resistance
Author: Bart Cammaerts
Keywords: social movements, mediation, media, discourse
Abstract: This chapter is an attempt to bridge social movement theory and mediation theory, thereby answering Downing’s (2008) call to connect the field of political science with that of media and communication studies. As it becomes apparent that we are more and more immersed in an ultrasaturated media and communication environment, or, as some say, ecology, the media and communication practices of activists and (self-)representations of resistance have come to the foreground. It is argued here, however, that attempts to make sense of media and communication for activism and resistance have hitherto been too unevenly focused on either mainstream media representations or the use of ICTs and the role of cyberspace for activists. This goes against evidence from fieldwork where activists use mainstream, movement, online and offline media interchangeably for a variety of purposes (McCurdy, 2010). This highlights the need to theoretically encompass the various ways in which media and communication are of relevance to activists and to resistance practices in expressing this multimedia mode and age.
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